Regular brushing and flossing can usually remove most plaque and help to prevent periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.
In some cases, a dental hygienist can remove hardened plaque during a regular check-up. Although when hardened plaque is left on the teeth untreated and it reaches the gum line, it can irritate and infect the gums – this is also known as gum disease (periodontal disease).
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis, which is characterised by red, swollen, itchy or bleeding gums. This can usually be treated by visiting your dentist and improving your oral hygiene.
The advanced stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis. This is when the supporting structures of the teeth are damaged, often leading to the teeth loosening and falling out.
Gum disease is linked to the development of other health problems such as heart disease, digestive disorders, stroke, cancer and type II diabetes. It’s therefore vital that tooth decay isn’t allowed to advance to this stage and that action is taken early.
For sound advice and prompt treatment of gum disease, please call the experienced team at Goulburn Dental Care today on (02) 4821 2531.